Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is it?

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. The condition occurs when one of the major nerves to the hand — the median nerve — is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist. 


In most patients, carpal tunnel syndrome gets worse over time, so early diagnosis and treatment are important. Early on, symptoms can often be relieved with simple measures like wearing a wrist splint or avoiding certain activities. If pressure on the median nerve continues, however, it can lead to nerve damage and worsening symptoms.


The symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include:

Mechanism of Injury

In some cases the cause cannot be found. Sometimes there is a combination of factors, such as:

Common Management Techniques

You cannot ‘work through’ carpal tunnel syndrome. At first, the pain and stiffness may be slight. But they may increase until your hand hurts all the time. You can suffer permanent damage if the cause is not addressed. 

Conservative treatments can include:


Surgery is one treatment option for carpel tunnel syndrome, but in most cases can be avoided with a course of Physiotherapy and medications. 


Most patients will recover completely if they follow the recommended treatment plan for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. You can help prevent this condition by stretching before any physical activity and performing regular exercises to strengthen and stretch the muscles in the arms.